Development of a nation

Development of a nation like Nigeria is best described as the good balanced growth of the nation’s various features and facets, including governmental, economic, cultural, social, technological, and material development. Development of a nation can also refers to a country’s ability to improve its citizens’ living standards. It can be accomplished by meeting fundamental livelihood needs and providing work, among other things.

Advancement, progress, and good change are all part of the development process. Growth is a positive sign. There are two dimensions to development. It comprises full industrial, agricultural, educational, social, religious, and cultural expansion. Furthermore, development of a nation refers to the progress of the country. It is best defined as the holistic and balanced development of the nation’s various features and facets, including political, economic, social, cultural, scientific, and material development.

Development of a nation

United Nations’ definition of Development of a Nation from their decade report

“Growth plus change equals Development of a nation.” Change is social, cultural, and economic in nature, as well as qualitative and quantitative.” In general, national development encompasses factors such as:

  • Growth based on a managed national economy
  • Increased agricultural output through the application of current technical know-how
  • Utilizing industrial output,
  • Human resource development
  • Use of science and technology in the manufacturing sector
  • Mass education and training
  • The provision of various facilities to suit the needs and aspirations of the poorest of the impoverished sectors of the nation.
  • Growth in the economy or an increase in people’s income.
  • Literacy, health, and the provision of public services are all examples of social progress.

Why is the development of a nation important?

The importance or benefits of the development of a nation is important because it is needed for a nation to have its citizens abiding by the law. Some importance of the development of a nation include:

  • It promotes agricultural development.
  • It contributes to the growth of the health sector.
  • It contributes to the growth of schools and educational institutions.
  • It aids in the creation of administrative structures.
  • It leads to the formation of human resources.
  • It creates a sense of belonging.
  • It contributes to the enhancement of people’s overall living standards at the communal level.

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Farm work and animal care are examples of development of a nation activities. Agriculture is the lifeblood of most economies, and Kenya is a prime example of a country that greatly relies on it.

Development of a nation ensures that individuals have access to the information, equipment, and support they need to succeed in agriculture, as well as the ideas they need.

Public health facilities are built through development of a nation. These facilities aid in the treatment of common diseases that affect members of the nation, such as malaria and typhoid.

The value of education cannot be overstated, primarily because it determines the future of all nation members. Funds and resources are pooled for the construction of schools and other forms of educational facilities as part of the development of a nation process, giving the nation the tools it needs to flourish in the future.

Development of a nation

A leader is required for each type of development of a nation initiative to oversee the activities. Frequently, the nation is given the opportunity to choose a capable leader who will assist them in making the best judgments possible. It usually results in the formation of leaders.

The community development process provides jobs for individuals of the community, allowing schools, farms, and health centers, among other facilities, to run more smoothly. This also results in a lower crime rate.

Community development supports participation from all members of the community, from children to adults, each with their own appropriate role to perform, and this inclusion fosters a sense of oneness and teaches everyone to value one another.

What is Nigerian national development plan?

Nigerian national development plan is a methodical strategy that has been formulated in order to drive a long term development into Nigeria. The NDP, a medium-term economic plan, has been launched. The Plan replaces the Vision 20:2020 plan from 2009 and the Economic Recovery and Growth Plan (ERGP) from 2017, both of which are set to expire in 2020. The NDP also serves as a link between the country’s existing long-term strategy, Nigeria Vision 2050, and the NDP.

The vision 2050 as stated in the NDP is “to make Nigeria a country that has unlocked its potential in all sectors of the economy for a sustainable, holistic, and inclusive national development”.

Development of a nation

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The Plan’s six broad objectives of vision 2050 are as follows:

  1. Increased economic diversity
  2. Investments in infrastructure
  3. Security and good governance
  4. A healthy and educated populace
  5. Poverty reduction, as well as
  6. State-by-state economic and social growth

The Plan is organized into seven clusters:

  1. Economic Development and Growth
  2. Physical infrastructure
  3. Human Capital Development
  4. Public Administration
  5. Social Progress
  6. Regional Planning
  7. Implementation of the Plan

Components of development of a nation

The following are the elements of development of a nation

  • Rural areas’ development
  • Increased agriculture production
  • Knowledge of economics is being expanded.
  • Urbanization and growth management
  • Poverty eradication

Several successive governments in Nigeria have implemented various initiatives in an attempt to promote rural areas and reduce the poverty rate that has become a glaring issue in such areas. However, there has been little success so far.

Agriculture was the main focus of the first National Development Plan, which ran from 1962 to 1968. The main goal was to expand and improve the production and export of cash crops. However, Agriculture received just 42% of the capital allocation under this plan.

General Yakubu Gowon launched the second national development plan in 1970, which lasted until 1974. Its goal was to strike a balance between rural and urban development while also attempting to correct some issues of the flaws that plagued the original development strategy between 1975 and 1980, the Third National Development Plan was in effect. It made more substantial and ambitious investments in many initiatives than the preceding two. Several macroeconomic projections are included.

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Development of a nation in Nigeria has made Nigeria’s period of farming using primitive implements is finished. Farming becomes a considerably slower and less productive occupation as a result of this. Harrows, hand-operated fertilizer drills, combination harvesters, tractors, and hand-operated planters are examples of productivity-enhancing devices.

While calls for a knowledge-based economy (KBE) are growing in other parts of the world, most African countries are still grappling with their traditional reliance on natural resources, which has proven to be a barrier to their global competitiveness.

Nigeria, on the other hand, is attempting to wean itself off of its reliance on natural resources by focusing its economic development strategy on knowledge. This discussion about transforming to a KBE is not meant to throw away our natural resources; rather, it is meant to provide Nigeria a competitive advantage. As a KBE, I discuss the Nigerian economy’s future.

With an annual urban population growth rate of 4.3 percent and five of Africa’s top 30 urban settlements, urbanization is already a major factor in Nigeria. By 2037, when Nigeria’s cities’ urban population would have doubled, it will play an even bigger role. To keep up with this constant expansion, 700,000 housing units must be produced each year, with yearly increases in housing demand exceeding 20% in areas such as Lagos, Ibadan, and Kano.

Poverty is still prevalent in Nigeria. This is no longer a contentious issue. The selection of effective poverty-reduction techniques is contentious. The key recommendations are that the methods must be multidimensional, and that in order for all of the previously mentioned strategies to succeed, society must be devoted, disciplined, and consistent with all of the stated principles.

This is because poverty reduction does not happen by chance; it requires deliberate and concerted efforts. Because poverty is primarily a societal problem rather than a personal one, society must address it critically, comprehensively, and concurrently on all fronts. Various solutions, including economic, political, social, agricultural, and ideological policy alternatives, have been proposed in acknowledgement of this.

All of these techniques are expected to significantly reduce the incidence of poverty in Nigeria if they are embraced and implemented properly. All of the mentioned tactics are mutually reinforcing. Our third argument is that policymakers must concurrently address the broad range of fundamentals we identified earlier, because they are all mutually reinforcing and do not work in isolation. There is no doubt that Nigeria has the potential to put these recommendations into action.

What are 5 characteristics of a developed country?

Characteristics of a developed nation include:

  1. It has a high per capita income.
  2. Your safety is assured
  3. Health is ensured
  4. There is a low rate of unemployment
  5. Technology and Science Mastery

1. It has a high per capita income. Each year, developed countries have high per capita incomes. The economic value of a country is increased by having a high per capita income. As a result, the level of poverty can be reduced.

2. Your safety is assured. In comparison to developing countries, industrialized countries have a higher level of security. This is another consequence of advanced technology in industrialized countries. Security facilities and weapon technologies improve as a result of advanced technology.

3. Health is ensured. A developed country guarantees both security and health. This is marked by a wide range of adequate health facilities, such as hospitals, as well as qualified and trustworthy medical personnel. As a result, mortality rates in industrialized countries can be reduced, and the population’s life expectancy can be increased. Furthermore, population growth in wealthy countries can be reduced if enough health services are available.

4. There is a low rate of unemployment. Because every citizen can find work in industrialized countries, unemployment is comparatively low.

5. Technology and Science Mastery People in developed countries are more likely to have mastered science and technology, which has resulted in the introduction of new beneficial products to the market, such as industrial pendant lights.

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