The Philippines has been experiencing an education crisis that has gotten worse in recent years. The onset of the pandemic has caused millions of children to stay home due to the illness. As a result, many Filipinos do not have access to computers or the internet. While many other countries have fully reopened, the Philippines remains closed to the Internet. This has exacerbated the education crisis in a country that is already unevenly connected.
Impact of COVID-19 on learning levels
The impact of COVID-19 on learning levels in the Philippines is likely to be long-term, with the virus affecting the mental health of children for years to come. School closures have already been linked to a decline in literacy and dropout rates. The World Bank estimates that 70 percent of children aged 10 and under are unable to read simple text. But a recent pilot resumption of classes in the Philippines could help reverse that trend and help students learn to read and write again.
The COVID-19 pandemic in the Philippines has significantly changed the landscape of medical education in the country. During the outbreak, the unemployment rate in the country reached a record high. Many working students lost their jobs, which supported their studies. Household budgets were strained, and scholarships were put on hold. Furthermore, many students in lower socioeconomic groups felt less capable of completing their studies online due to their limited financial resources. In addition, students expressed concern over the cost of medical education in the country.
The primary investigator of this study, Marilyn Tomelden, is a teacher in the Quezon province in the Philippines. When she noticed that her sixth graders were not following homework assignments, she was concerned about the digital divide. To overcome this problem, she used an online video to show her students how to dance. In doing so, she uncovered a need for resources for distance learning.
The COVID-19 pandemic has affected education systems around the world. Closed schools, early childhood education services, and universities in many countries were affected. Schools, especially those in low-risk areas, reopened after strict health protocols were put in place.
COVID-19 has also increased gender disparities and forced many women to fulfill traditional caregiver roles. These gender disparities have a number of negative impacts on a woman’s ability to pursue higher education. These gender disparities are also linked to child marriage, early pregnancy, and exploitation of child labor. Female caretakers often drop out of school to care for sick family members or earn an income. In addition, girls are more likely to miss school if a school lockdown occurs.
The World Health Organization has already declared COVID-19 a global pandemic. After identifying an outbreak in Wuhan, China, the WHO has urged governments to take aggressive action against the disease.
Impact of school closures on learning levels
The Philippines’ decision to close nearly 2,000 schools earlier this year caused a backlash from parents. This sparked concern about the health of the country’s young population, especially considering that many don’t have internet or computer access at home. Iljon Roxas, a high school student in Bacoor City, said that staring at a screen made it hard to concentrate, and he longed for the real classroom.
The closures of schools had many psychosocial impacts on students, such as disrupting their normal routine and the social support of seeing their friends in school. Children who had to stay home due to the pandemic also faced other stresses and hardships, including illness or death of family members, financial pressures, and missed social activities. These issues were reflected in students’ comments, which emphasized the importance of having resources and counselors for children. However, some students said that these services were not readily available to them during the school closures.
In addition to the increased number of school closures, students’ learning levels could have deteriorated as a result. Some students may have learned more slowly than before the pandemic, while others may have fallen behind. According to the Azim Premji Foundation, a study of India’s education system shows that, by 2021, 90 percent of students would lose language and math skills, two areas that are crucial for workers.
One of the challenges in assessing the effects of global pandemics on learning levels was the lack of data. Most countries conduct comparative international assessments, such as PISA, but not all. In addition, the next PISA will not be conducted until 2022. In addition, many countries cancelled or delayed their national assessments, which also left a lack of complete data sets. Therefore, the researchers had to make educated assumptions and rely on available data.
The lack of schooling during the COVID-19 pandemic in the Philippines has a wider social impact than just children’s education. It has sparked a number of other issues such as rising mental-health issues, violence against children, obesity, and teenage pregnancy. Globally, the effects of the pandemic could cost the global economy $1.6 trillion per year.
Impact of online learning on learning levels
A mixed-method study was conducted at one department of a university in Manila. It examined the impact of online learning on the learning levels of second-year college students in two classes in Numerical Analysis. During the study period, there were 69 online learners who were enrolled in the Numerical Analysis course. The study was conducted after the first week of purely online learning, with both synchronous and asynchronous delivery of learning materials.
One of the biggest challenges in implementing e-learning in the Philippines is the country’s limited Internet infrastructure. Lack of affordable broadband connections, heavy bureaucratic processes, and intermittent power supply can hinder the development of e-learning. It’s also important to note that the Philippine government is taking steps to improve access to online learning in the country.
Students are increasingly using the Internet to further their education. Many have started using educational websites, and others have adopted online peer-to-peer platforms. This has helped teachers maintain learning opportunities for homeschooled children. While some of these measures were already in place before the COVID-19 outbreak, others emerged in response to the pandemic.
The study also discovered a significant gap between online learners’ self-concepts and learning levels. For instance, the inability to understand a course’s content, or the difficulty in completing it, was the biggest barrier for online learners. Furthermore, many online students were unable to use personal learning space, which created many distractions during their online learning sessions. This gap can be solved by providing ample time for lectures and delivering content in a variety of multimedia.
Online learning has provided an opportunity for students to improve their skills and knowledge and close the gap in global skills. In the past, many establishments were closed because of the COVID-19 outbreak, but today, the education system has adapted to this new mode of learning.
In addition, social media have also changed the way students and teachers interact. The use of social media such as blogs and discussion forums has increased the need for collaboration and communication.
Impact of gender-based discrimination on learning levels
A new perception survey conducted by Plan International Philippines reveals that girls and young women face unique challenges that remain unmet and their capacities undervalued. The study also examines how COVID-19 has affected the lives of girls and young women, highlighting how the pandemic amplifies social inequalities, disrupts education and increases their vulnerability to violence.
Ultimately, the pandemic only accelerates existing inequalities, which had already existed long before COVID-19 struck. Yet, we should not allow the pandemic to define our response to gender inequality. Although some may argue that the issue can wait until after the crisis is over, gender equality is an issue that must not be ignored or forgotten.
The report cites interviews with students, teachers and parents in 60 countries to illustrate trends and identify common factors that may contribute to inequalities in education. The report emphasizes that the findings from each country may not be generalizable. However, there are some trends that are remarkably consistent in the majority of countries.