Narcissist behavior: Symptoms and signs of Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Narcissist behavior is a common problem in our society, but it can be difficult to recognize because narcissists are masters at hiding their true nature. Narcissists behave in ways that make them appear charming and attractive, even when they’re not.

See also: Do narcissists attract narcissists?

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is an extremely serious mental illness characterized by grandiosity, lack of empathy, and entitlement. People with NPD often have a strong sense of superiority over others, believing themselves to be superior to everyone else. They may also believe that they deserve special treatment or gifts simply for being who they are.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), published by the American Psychiatric Association, defines a narcissistic personality disorder as “a pervasive pattern of grandiose self-importance (in fantasy or behavior)…and a need for admiration.” This means that people with NPD feel entitled to things like attention, praise, and power. They may also think that other people should treat them differently than they would any other person.

The DSM-5 lists three main symptoms of NPD:

• Grandiosity – inflated sense of self-importance

• Need for admiration – requires constant attention and affirmation from others

• Entitlement – believes he/she deserves special privileges and favors

People with NPD tend to be very sensitive about how they’re perceived by others. They may spend a lot of time trying to look good, act right, and get what they want. But this doesn’t mean that they don’t care about others. In fact, many people with NPD genuinely do care about others. However, they only show concern for those who meet their needs.

People with NPD often use charm and flattery to manipulate others into doing what they want. They may also lie, cheat, steal, and bully others to achieve their goals. 

The following list of narcissistic behaviors or narcissistic traits includes some of the most common symptoms of narcissistic personality disorder (NPD). If you suspect your partner or friend has NPD, these symptoms may help you identify the condition.

1. They have an inflated sense of self-importance and sense of entitlement

Narcissists believe that they are better than others and expect others to treat them specially. They may demand special privileges and insist on getting their own way. They may also believe they are more talented or intelligent than others.

2. They crave attention and admiration

Narcissists seek out opportunities to receive recognition and approval from others. They may brag about their accomplishments and achievements, or exaggerate their talents and abilities. They may also try to control conversations so that they will always be the center of attention.

3. They are preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love

Narcissists often imagine that they will someday become famous, powerful, rich, beautiful, or loved by someone special. They may also fantasize about having sex with celebrities, politicians, athletes, or movie stars.

4. They are envious of others’ successes, failures, faults, imperfections, virtues, attributes, qualities, or status

Narcissists envy others because they see them as competition. They may even wish that they could take credit for another person’s work or ideas.

5. They are arrogant and haughty in attitude or behavior

Narcissists consider themselves superior to others. They may make fun of others behind their backs, belittle others, or criticize them publicly. This may not necessarily be a mental disorder. Mental disorders are defined by problems in thinking, feeling, or behaving.

6. They have a haughty behavior or attitude toward others

People with NPD can be rude, condescending, and insensitive. They may talk down to others or refuse to acknowledge other people’s feelings.

7. They can have anxiety disorders

Anxiety is a normal reaction when we feel threatened or afraid. Anxiety disorders occur when the fear becomes excessive or irrational. Some examples include panic attacks, obsessive-compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia, and post-traumatic stress disorder.

8. They may have a mental health condition

Mental health conditions are illnesses that affect how a person thinks, feels, behaves, or relates to others. Examples include depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, borderline personality disorder, eating disorders, substance abuse, and antisocial personality disorder. It will be nice to refer them to a mental health professional. The mental health professional will evaluate the patient and provide treatment if needed.

9. They may have trouble controlling anger

Anger is a natural emotion that helps us deal with stressful situations. Anger management involves learning ways to express our emotions without hurting ourselves or others. People who suffer from NPD may get angry easily and lose control of their temper.

Narcissist behavior

What is vulnerable narcissism?

Vulnerable narcissism is a type of narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) that occurs in children. It is a form of narcissism in children. Vulnerable narcissism is characterized by an intense need for admiration and affection. Children with this disorder may develop a sense of entitlement and believe that they deserve more than what they actually do earn. Vulnerable narcissism usually begins between ages 2 and 5 years old.

How does it differ from NPD?

The difference between vulnerable narcissism and NPD lies in the age at which these symptoms begin. Vulnerable narcissism typically starts before the age of 6 years old. In contrast, NPD usually develops after the age of 12.

See also: Short man syndrome and narcissism: Is there a relationship between them?

Narcissism in children

Children with NPD may exhibit some of the following behaviors:

1. They may be overly concerned with physical appearance

2. They may be jealous of others

3. They may be envious of others

4. They may think that they are better than others

5. They may be competitive

6. They may lie

7. They may bully others

Pathological narcissism has to do with a severe case of NPD. A pathological narcissist exhibits all nine characteristics of NPD. Pathological narcissism is also called narcissistic personality disorder.

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