The Philippine Educational System at Present

The Philippine educational system at present time is quite similar to the United States in many ways. First of all, English is the language of instruction in most schools. Another similarity is that Philippine schools are given full curricular deregulation and the privilege to offer distance education courses. In addition, universities are given complete autonomy from government control and are even eligible to receive grants from the Higher Education Development Fund. As a result, Philippine university education is quite similar to that of the United States. Admission to Philippine universities is based on a high school diploma, the National Secondary Achievement Test, and a college entrance examination.

See also: Education Before and Now in the Philippines | The Old Philippine Education System

English is the only language of instruction

The Philippines has a 10-year basic education system. But lessons are often taught in the local language. The country has experienced a brain drain. As of April-September 2014, an estimated 2.3 million Filipinos were working overseas. This mass emigration has serious economic repercussions for the country.

The country’s constitution mandates that the two main national languages, Filipino and English, be used for education. The new constitution stipulates that both languages should be taught in school. However, English is almost always used in secondary and higher education, especially in urban areas. It is also the official language of the country’s universities.

Aside from English, students must also take a wide variety of courses. General secondary schools must provide education in mathematics, science, and social science. The curriculum also incorporates values education. For example, students must take lessons in citizenship, health, and physical education. They are also required to take courses in social studies, music, and the arts. Moreover, they are taught the practical arts such as agriculture and home economics.

See also: New Education System in the Philippines | A Brief Overview and Summary of the Philippine Educational System

The Philippine educational system has a long history. In the early twentieth century, the school system was restructured by Americans. While English became the primary language of instruction, Tagalog continued to be taught in elementary and secondary education. However, the revision of the Educational Program of 1957 was heavily criticized for the failure of the multilingual policy.

Currently, the country’s education system resembles the American model. English is the primary language of instruction, but it is complemented by bilingual education in mathematics and science, as well as in literature. In addition, a new institution called the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority was established in 1994 to teach vocational and practical skills. The Department of Education administers basic education while the Commission on Higher Education oversees tertiary and graduate education.

In addition to its economic importance, English proficiency is one of the country’s major assets. It has made it one of the top voice outsourcing destinations in the world, surpassing India in 2012. In addition, more affordable English language classes in the Philippines are attracting foreign learners of English.

The school year is patterned after its wet/cool and dry/hot seasons

The school year in the Philippines follows a calendar that is patterned after the wet/cool and dry/hot seasons. The hottest months are from March to May. The academic school year begins in June and ends in early March. In 1993, the government increased school days from 185 to 200. In addition, the country is a Catholic country, and schools are closed for two to three weeks during Christmas.

Students must complete primary school before entering secondary school

The Philippine education system lags behind many other SE Asian countries in terms of quality. It is characterized by low teacher salaries and a lack of facilities. The country has also failed to meet some of its reform objectives, such as improving completion rates. In 2013, only 81 percent of children from the richest 20 percent of households finished high school, compared to 52 percent in the poorest 20 percent. Although the Philippines’ basic education completion rates have been improving in recent years, they remain well below the average in other countries in Asia.

Primary school is compulsory in the Philippines. It lasts for six years, from ages six to twelve. The first two years of secondary school are required by law, while the third and fourth years are optional. The Philippines’ education system has long been a model for other Southeast Asian countries, but in recent years it has declined and its quality is now a concern, especially in poorer regions.

Despite its high government budget for education, the Philippines is plagued by a lack of resources. The Philippines ranks fifth in the number of out-of-school youth, the only ASEAN country in the top five. According to the Department of Education, the number of students dropping out of primary school has increased by over a third, compared to the five percent increase in the past decade. This is particularly worrying because students who are not financially stable often drop out earlier than their peers.

The Philippines’ basic education system has recently been reformed. Previously, there was a 10-year basic education program. The curriculum included a national language and lessons in the local language. The K-12 reforms also introduced a parallel education system, called the Alternative Learning System (ALIVE). The ALIVE system offers alternative education for children who fail to finish the conventional curriculum.

In the Philippines, education is compulsory. It lasts from kindergarten to grade 12. Then, students may choose to continue their studies or enter the workforce. The K-12 system is managed by three government agencies: the Department of Instruction (DOE), the Department of Education (DHE), and the Philippine College of Education (PCoE). The latter two are responsible for setting standards and implementing standardized tests.

Private schools offer a more personal learning experience

There are pros and cons to both public and private schools in the Philippines. Public schools have higher enrollments than private schools and are primarily used to attract out-of-school children. Private schools, on the other hand, are more selective. Admissions decisions are often based on academic aptitude and school philosophy.

The government’s voucher program has spurred the transfer of academically capable students to private schools. The voucher is supposed to be given to students who “deserve” it, but public schools often send their best students to private schools. This causes a virtuous cycle. Private enrollments are relatively stable in the Philippines, but public sector enrollment has increased rapidly in the secondary and pre-primary levels. Overall, private schools make up 18 percent of the national educational system at the elementary and secondary levels and about 65% of the tertiary population.

Despite the high cost of private schooling, private schools can provide students with a more positive educational experience. Smaller classroom sizes can help students flourish. They may also benefit from individual attention. This can help foster a love of learning, as well as self-esteem, and encourage continued education.

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